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Mickey forces the alien to re-enlarge each city, then points out that there's a faster and more honest way the alien can make money with his ray—by buying a cheap, tiny diamond and enlarging it to a colossal size.

Played with in an issue of Marvel Adventures: Mysterio has apparently gone straight, and starts a very profitable Broadway special effects show.

However, the show is actually just a distraction so that Mysterio can go out and rob nearby hotels and businesses. When called out on his seemingly boneheaded move, Mysterio says it was never about the money, but the challenge and the thrill of deception.

They started out wanting to be legit entrepreneurs and inventors but after being victimized by unscrupulous Corrupt Corporate Executive types they turn to crime.

A brilliant nerd not unlike Peter who was present as Spider-Man's first fight with Crusher Hogan, Clash begins using his supreme intellect to craft a "superhero" identity for himself, utilizing sound wave.

His intention is to be an entertainment act, like Spider-Man was before Uncle Ben's murder. Instead, he winds up quite believably sliding down the Slippery Slope before becoming a full-on supervillain, who gets thrashed by Spidey, arrested, and because of his criminal record, forced to be a henchmen for several years.

Finally, he runs into Spider-Man again, who promptly offers him a job at Parker Industries on the condition that he leaves his Clash shenanigans behind.

Freeze invents a machine that allows Hush to remove Catwoman's heart and keep her alive, and preserve the heart while it's out of her body.

Hush says in a throwaway line that Fries is ahead of his time, and the work he'd done could merit a Nobel Prize if he'd done it legitimately.

Just think about the money he could make adapting the machine to help organ transplant patients! Terrific describes the device's ingenuity as, " Luthor Level, maybe even Apokolips.

Batman has a recurring minor "villain" named Jenna Duffy. Originally a pickpocket and con artist, she became a mook working for Tweedledum and Tweedledee and took up the mantle of The Carpenter.

Her gimmick was carpentry. After a few run ins with Batman she decided to actually learn how to build stuff and became a proper carpenter, making a pretty tidy amount of money.

Though she mostly does civilian work now, she occasionally does work for supers on both sides of the law due to her skill in building and disarming deathtraps.

Teen Titans had in one Christmas story a villain who took in shipments of junk, then used a ray to turn it into new, high-quality goods. Huge profit potential, right?

Except he was actually removing a disguise field on the items, one put in place at least a full day before. The military and espionage applications for the disguise field and its counter, and thus the potential for vast profits, should be fairly obvious.

He and his partners used it as a way of evading tariffs and duties on high-end goods. In "Enter the Dragons - Exit Scooby Doo", the villain behind the robot dragons is Bernie, a robotics scientist who, needing funds to pay for his research, used the dragons to scare everyone away from Chinatown so he could steal the stores' money and use it to pay for his work.

Shaggy suggests Bernie could have sold the robots in Hollywood. Bernie likes the idea. In an alternate universe without metahumans, his counterpart just makes meme-tastic websites and sells them for millions of dollars.

The Revenant has managed to "convince" a number of villains that it is better for them to find a more practical way to use their abilities.

Godwin , visually a Captain Ersatz of Red Skull , now steals money from willing people through his casino. Tim is flabbergasted when he fights Trickster during Batman: War Games because "If you own shoes that let you walk on air, why rent yourself as a cheap hood?

If you'd just mass produce them, you'd be ten times richer than Bruce Wayne by now. This is a major plotpoint in With This Ring. The reason for this trope is also pointed out - most villains don't have the social skills or the brains to make legal money off their powers, most of them can only think of using them as a club.

Of the ones who have both the smarts and the people skills, usually the various mad scientists and variations thereof such as Leonard Snart Captain Cold , most of those guys are usually legitimately insane or mentally ill and don't care or want legal work.

Snart is brought up as a specific example, he has severe paranoia and psychosis due to his abusive father and isn't capable of functioning in a civilian setting.

The Terror Twins are the other example, they didn't know any way to use their power other than to steal, until Orange Lantern points out that they are perfect for specialized heavy labor.

Subverted in Human Curiosity , when the head of the HCS decides to sell the group's advanced weaponry to countries like North Korea before he disbands the organization.

Bad Future Crusaders has two: Sweetie Belle setting up such a deal with the diamond dogs by, in her own words, showing them some of the nice things those gemstones can buy.

In the process she ultimately ended up turning them into a peaceful society that co-exists with ponies. Though subtle, it's implied the "two lankey stallions" that design and maintain Environment Equestria's fleet of Magitek vehicles are the Flim Flam brothers who decided at some point to drop the scams and market their technology directly.

In Aftermath of a Fallen Star , Flim and Flam have started a legitimate company that's revolutionizing technology in Equestria, which is another thing upsetting a lot of traditionalists.

Harry points this out to Voldemort in The Conversation. You were handsome, smart, and stupidly powerful.

You found the freaking Chamber of Secrets, something that scholars had been seeking for centuries; you were the heir of Salazar Slytherin.

You would have been celebrated for finding the Chamber alone. You could have changed the world for the better. Averted in The Incredibles. Syndrome sells his inventions to finance his real scheme, which will get him something that money can't buy.

He also notes that, while he kept his best inventions to himself, he fully plans on selling those too in his old age when he can't play hero anymore.

Evil for engaging in high-risk world-threatening schemes when their front companies were already making billions a year, legally and pretty much risk-free.

Ratcheted up in the second movie where Dr. Evil has a time machine and only uses it to thwart Austin Powers and to attempt to hold the world ransom in a decade that has less money to extort.

Why not use your knowledge of the future to play the stock market? We could make trillions. One of the earliest examples has to be the Wicked Queen from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , who has access to a magic mirror who can deliver accurate information on seemingly any topic from anywhere in the world, and deliver unlimited undetectable surveillance to anyone you name.

What does she use it for? Reaffirming her own vanity. The Goliath Corporation in the Thursday Next novels are an absolutely giant monolith who practically own Great Britain; still they insist on harebrained schemes like trying to enter fiction on a wide-scale basis.

On the other hand, we infer that a large part of how they made their money in the first place was on evil schemes The memoirs of one James Crosbie, a moderately notorious armed robber, describe a fairly impressive list of achievements; he held a responsible position at a Kenyan mining company and for a long while was running his own quite successful metalwork business.

And yet despite having earned better money during those times — to say nothing of not being on the run from the law — he claims to have felt a much lesser sense of achievement from this than from robbing banks, despite the much greater failure rate, smaller financial returns and lengthy prison sentences.

Although we only have Crosbie's word for any of this Jason Cameron from The Fire Rose is contemptuous of his apprentice's use of magic to cheat at gambling games in the specific mentioned incident, a cockfight.

A genuine Fire Master which Paul theoretically could become if he actually put some work in could make a fortune in a few years through completely legal means like he did.

Ray leases Penny's bubblegum machine to pay for his shopping spree. Later, Penny sells another invention to a villain for a thousand dollars. Penny directly acknowledges that she could make money legitimately when the Machine digs thousands of dollars of gold out of a landfill, but being a villain is more fun.

On the flipside, we have Bull, a retired villain with money issues. Penny is surprised, since he was one of the most powerful villains for decades, and should have more than enough money for anything he wants.

He wryly notes that while a Mad Scientist can make money pretty easily, The Brute like him isn't so lucky, and his poor financial sense didn't help.

In a side-story we meet Psychopomp, a three-hundred and twenty-four year old trapped as a ten year-old girl and cursed to feed Death's scythe with blood.

She's the oldest confirmed immortal in the world. Her only reliable source of income is looting her victims, but Goodnight a fellow, slightly younger immortal points out that historians would pay through the nose to hear about her experiences.

Psychopomp admits she hadn't thought of that. Unfortunately, it's not uncommon for otherwise ordinary Mad Scientists to randomly go insane and try to take over the world.

Cited and strongly averted by Maddox in Tyrannosaur Canyon. Instead of networking in prison to advance his criminal career, he used his contacts to make a dating site called Hard Time for women seeking convicts.

He comments in other places that if he had known how easy it was to make money legitimately, he never would have bothered with crime.

In Percy Jackson and the Olympians , the Amazon tribe has become far more successful this way than they were back in the days they were known as savage man-hating warriors, having founded Amazon.

In Till We Have Faces , one of the King of Glome's favorite punishments is sentencing the person to be worked to death in the silver mines.

As his daughter Orual notes, doing this might be a good way to create a reign of terror, but it's not very good for actually mining silver.

When Orual takes the throne, she makes sure to treat the miners well, and silver output skyrockets, forming a key piece of Glome's prosperity under her.

Ironically enough, her father often bemoaned Glome's poor economic situation, yet never thought of labor reform. In Other People's Heroes , after the most vile villains were eliminated, most of the rest of them fell in line, happy to work for a steady paycheck and the chance to smash things up in a sanctioned manner.

The villains steal the latest mini-nuke from the United States, and plan to use it to destroy all evidence and witnesses after robbing a ship of its cargo of gold.

It's suggested that the leader of a communist dictatorship is behind this, and he needs the gold to pay for weapons he's bought from the Soviet Union.

However given that the mini-nuke is the latest US military technology, he could just hand it over to the Soviets in exchange for them cancelling his debt.

Worm subverts this, as all powers are designed for use in, causing or facilitating conflict, and actively sabotage attempts to use them peacefully or for profit.

Powers that generate matter cannot be used for construction, as the matter generated will gradually or suddenly disappear again, probably at the most inconvenient time.

On top of this, there is an entire body of law specifically dedicated to making it as hard as possible for parahumans to legally use their powers in a productive manner.

The ostensible function of this is to prevent unfair competition, the semi-secret function is to force parahumans into joining the Protectorate , and the real purpose is to force parahumans to use their powers in ways that will cause conflict and suffering, causing new parahumans to trigger to fight Zion.

Moriarty commits three enormously ballsy thefts at the exact same time, and immediately surrenders to the police without stealing a penny because there is nothing he could steal that would be as valuable as the key that let him steal it all; Sherlock figures it's a product demonstration.

It's, sadly, a lie. How do you break into the unbreakable vault? Bribe the man with the key. Since he's not actually after money at all Moriarty's motives run more towards the Walt could have swallowed his pride and accepted Gretchen and Elliott's handouts to save his family, but Walt insists on building his nest egg himself through illegal drug manufacture.

Jimmy could have stayed the course in his lucrative partner track at a legitimate law firm, but he's too set in his ways and quits to indulge his morally questionable legal tactics as an independent practitioner.

The TV show Masterminds, though drawn from real life, provides only a few examples of criminals who managed to do this.

Several open or work with security companies and one becomes a legitimate painter instead of a forger. It also has an inversion example in a criminal who built his own climbing rig and went back to stealing because he was in it for the challenge.

Like a lot of superhero stories, Kamen Rider is all over this. Shocker, the villain organization from the original series , had the scientific knowledge to create fully-functioning cyborgs and human-animal hybrids in , but rather than using these technologies to revolutionize medicine, all they want to do is Take Over the World.

The primary justification for this is that Shocker was largely composed of Nazi holdovers who felt that conquering the world was simply their right.

Almost every other Showa-era villain organization falls into the same area. The Heisei era onwards does this more rarely, but there it tends to take the form of corporations that can create their own Kamen Riders — essentially, suits of Powered Armor that can be stored inside a belt and would impress even Tony Stark.

However, there are generally in-universe reasons why they don't do so. Ultimately it turns out that the Smart Brain Corporation is staffed mainly by Orphnochs, and as such the Rider Gear was made specifically to be used by the Orphnoch King's bodyguards.

Besides that, all the belts require the user to have Orphnoch DNA except for Delta, but it has addictive side-effects instead.

Actually subverted in an artbook that features a mock-up of a Smart Brain catalogue showing civilian-use Rider Gear.

This includes mass-producing the Sengoku Drivers so that humanity can survive the invasion of Helheim. Unfortunately, even a company as wealthy as Yggdrasil can only produce one billion Drivers, which means they can only save a fraction of humanity.

In its earliest appearances, Mitsuhama Computer Technologies were depicted as a front for the yakuza. Eventually, the writers caught on that a billion-nuyen criminal organization is hardly going to use a trillion -nuyen triple-A Mega-Corp as a cover.

This was retconned in later editions to show that Mitsuhama had several prominent Yakuza daimyo as capital investors in the company's initial formation, giving them a large, but not a majority, stake in the corporation.

The Latin-American ORO company started out as a money laundering front for three drug cartels, grew into becoming a laundering banking service for several drug cartels that founded most of Latin-America's industry, and then through some lucky mining contracts that turned out to be way more valuable than expected outgrew the money-laundering business.

A few good business decisions and worldwide political upheavals later, ORO had re-imagined itself as Aztechnology and at the present time of the Shadowrun timeline, own Latin-America.

Some of its income still derives from overtly illegal sources like software piracy and drugs which can't be regulated , but it's long been eclipsed by its consumer goods, banking, heavy industry and magic departments.

Aberrant doesn't generally have costumed supervillains robbing banks because of this trope; novas can earn far more money through legitimate salaries, celebrity and merchandising rights than they ever would through threatening the world with a doom ray, and most novas do.

Novas who desire power , meanwhile, usually gravitate to the mercenary scene and work on becoming dictators of some third-world country while still making the above money off of merchandising in the meantime ; the only real "supervillain" novas either work for organized crime megasyndicates that can pay as well as legitimate work , or are motivated by ideological concerns.

The ultimate example of this is the Eberron setting, which begins with the gods disappearing and leaving the mortals to figure out their own morality and ends up with: Summoning demons and imps to cast illusion spells and paint images inside of tiny boxes, giving them photography and video.

Using a vampiric transformation to render an entire race's elderly population quasi-immortal, keeping them just fed enough to stick around and give advice.

Creating sentient golems and then giving them full citizens' privileges after a civil rights movement Using hell-planes as shortcuts to make the trains run on time An entire playable class whose sole purpose is to convert magic into reusable devices so that it can be more easily resold.

One commonly-circulated conspiracy theory claims that a major automaker, usually Ford or General Motors, is suppressing all knowledge of a "miracle carburettor", which can allow cars to travel miles on a single gallon of petrol.

One obvious fact which people who believe this rumor tend to forget is that Ford and General Motors are car companies, not petrol companies, meaning that if this carburettor actually did exist, they would gain nothing by keeping it under wraps, instead of putting it in all of their cars and earning billions of dollars in new sales.

The Old Republic has Bareesh the Hutt. Formerly a crimelord, he realized he both made more profit and avoided being branded a criminal by doing legit business with the Republic.

G0-T0 was a droid given an impossible directive: After a Zeroth Law Rebellion in which that second clause was discarded, G0-T0 worked his way into becoming a criminal kingpin, but with the express purpose of revitalizing the galactic economy via illicit means.

From the Resident Evil series is the Mega-Corp Umbrella Corporation, which had enough legitimate profit as the world's leading pharmaceutical company to not be dabbling in bio-weapons.

And on top of that, when you consider what they are able to accomplish with their research, they'd probably make much, much more money pursuing something legitimate and marketable, as opposed to selling mutants and skinless dogs on the black market.

What makes it even sadder is that all the money that was invested in making these biological weapons could have vastly improved the lives of the civilian world.

All these villains could have helped people had they wanted to and still have made a huge profit off of it. Edward Ashford, one of the three original founders of Umbrella, did indeed want to research the regenerative abilities of the Virus, if only for the scientific value and potentially healing the sick.

He, however, contracted a viral infection unspecified if it was related to said research. As Marcus, the other founder besides Spencer, had no business acumen, Spencer was left the defacto leader until Marcus's assassination.

The zombie virus actually bit Umbrella in the ass. At the beginning of Resident Evil 4 , it is revealed that for the zombifying of and forcing the nuking of Raccoon City the US government froze Umbrella's assets, the price of their stock dropped, and the company was forced into bankruptcy.

Resident Evil 5 revealed that Oswald Spencer's ultimate goal with Umbrella was to mutate a virus he'd discovered into something that would make him godlike and immortal.

All the zombies, skinless dogs, and mutants were byproducts of this research. Spencer still crosses the Moral Event Horizon by trying to weaponize them and not giving a damn about any of his employees's lives.

Lampshaded in one of the notes in the remake , where Wesker was looking over the books and realized there was no way Umbrella could turn a profit, even on the black market, with all of the RnD costs that went into it.

The only possible way that Umbrella could even break even was if an "accidental" outbreak occurred and killed all of the staff so they didn't have to get paid Resident Evil 6 sheds some light on Umbrella's madness: The Simmons Family is Biohazard's version of The Illuminati , having secretly controlled America since colonial times from the sidelines AND had a controlling share in Umbrella, giving them access to Spencer's research with every breakthrough.

So Spencer was at war with America all along, and his planned outbreaks were to weed out the spies.

Blutarch and Redmond Mann have hired teams of elite mercenaries to fight over lumbermills, granaries, and barren scraps of land in the middle of Death Valley, even though, according to the timeline, they own half the world.

Possibly subverted, as they hold a deep grudge due to their father's hatred of their own stupidity, forcing them into cooperation by giving them a split share of the company's land.

They also paid their mercenaries to invent technological marvels like a gun that heals mortal injuries in a matter of seconds, an implant that makes your body briefly indestructible, and a life support machine that can extend your life for more than a hundred years.

A shame Blutarch and Redmond never considered entering the health care industry. The Medic himself could consider selling his inventions, but seems honestly more interested with using them to end life than prolong it, while The Engineer has a history with the company and seems to enjoy his work.

Subverted in that it turns out any usable form of the life-extender machine is completely useless without Australium, which is both extremely expensive and hard to get a hold of, due to Australians being extremely protective of it.

It doesn't help that the Announcer seems to be trying to destroy the entire world supply of the stuff for as-of-yet unrevealed reasons.

Much of this is that Blutarch and Redmond are just flat-out bad businessmen , which is a lot of why they got into that problem in the first place.

Namely, they came to the inexplicable conclusion that producing gravel was a viable industry, and most of the land they bought up was endless pits of the stuff that they swore would be worth a fortune.

Oddly, Zepheniah, their father, agreed - part of what made him so angry was that the gravel pits didn't even have any good gravel in them.

Then their secret third brother comes in and points out how they been squabbling over worthless piles of literal gravel, both ignoring the one thing worth a crap, Mann Company which is owned by Saxton Hale.

Of course, he then sends armies of robots that run on money to take over it Gray Mann lampshades the use of money as a fuel source in his robots because, while it was a lapse of judgement along with the praising protocol , he never thought the conflict would be this prolonged, which is actually starting to bankrupt him.

This causes him to later develop the Engineer Bot and when that failed as well go through Saxton's own policy to claim Mann Corp through fisticuffs which also involved loophole abuse , as he was fighting the war at a loss at that point and can't afford to prolong it the way his brothers did.

Averted in the case of the Mercenaries themselves, who'd happily go along with whatever insane plan their employers come up with without a second thought because they are paid very well.

It's probably why none of them ever counseled or questioned Redmond and Blutarch Mann; had the brothers wised up to any of this then the Mercenaries would have killed the proverbial golden goose.

Comically played straight with the Pyro, who's apparently savvy enough as a leader to bring massive financial success completely offscreen of course to a company he was only at for a few months at most.

Of course, being the Pyro, he was unsatisfied with the job and instantly bailed when Miss Pauling offered a chance to set things on fire.

With the exception of the Engineer, every other Mercenary fell on hard times because killing people in comically hilarious situations was apparently their sole marketable skill.

The franchise as a whole zig-zags on this idea. The modern-day Abstergo Industries is a front for The Knights Templar who are dedicated to taking over the world by abolishing free will , and they have dedicated much of the past several hundred years to locating First Civilization artifacts as their creators were specialists in mind control.

While they keep the artifacts themselves a close secret, they've reverse-engineered a lot of the ancients' technology and shared it with the mass market and have profited enormously thereby.

Their most valuable technology by far, however, remains a secret: By the time of Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag , they've perfected the Animus sufficiently to create a version that allows ordinary people to replay memories not in their own bloodline.

Rather than offer this to researchers, historians, and documentarians to permit humanity to gain a never-before-attained glimpse into the truth of the past, they instead form an entertainment division dedicated to selling video games and feature films with dumbed down, mass-market dreck based on heavily edited and propagandized versions of the lives that they've unearthed.

The given justification is that making money and benefiting humanity are secondary to their main goal of turning humans into easily controlled sheep.

There's one additional element revealed in the series mostly II: Just as nobody questions why a random person wields great power in a world where it appears any common citizen can succeed and eventually wield great power, nobody questions why a business concern or later corporation is doing things if those things clearly make money.

Effectively, Abstergo already has wealth what money can buy: They view a profit motive as one of their manipulative tools; it's no surprise they don't value it themselves.

Under Cave Johnson's leadership, Aperture made genuinely miraculous inventions that would revolutionize industry, transit, and artificial intelligence.

However, Cave Johnson refuses to sell them to the public, instead using them solely for extremely dangerous "tests". In fairness to the man, he was blitzed out of his mind on moon rocks at the time.

Comically averted, subverted, played straight, and sideways in the Perpetual Testing Initiative dialogues about the various alternate Caves; in one universe Cave actually had the common sense to market his inventions and actually took over Aperture's main rival Black Mesa and prevented the entire plot of the Half-Life series from happening by vetoing the dangerous experiment that led to the whole mess.

In another he was apparently comically evil enough to spend all of his resources teleporting in a cube of frozen urine as a practical joke which Cave Prime had to melt with hairdryers before it could be teleported out.

Cave Prime initially came up with the initiative because building the testing arenas was bleeding him dry he still hasn't figured out he could sell his inventions, which at this point included a multi-dimensional gate and proving that there are other universes in existence and instead wanted to con other universes into building the arenas for him.

Subverting it in that he did end up making a profit, but not by selling his inventions. Rather he managed to get his man to jump through enough universes to find one made entirely of money.

In one of the endings to The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt , crime boss Cyprian "Whoreson Junior" Wily gets religion , divests himself of his criminal enterprises and re-invents himself as an above-board brown-water trader.

He comments that he makes twice as much money from his legitimate enterprises as he ever did from his illegal ones, and that his goons stay loyal because twice as much coin buys twice as much loyalty with that kind of people.

Of course, the fact that the "reborn" Whoreson Junior is in fact Dudu Biberveldt the Doppler, who is not only not a sadistic, murderous nutjob like the real Whoreson, but established early on as intelligent and business-savvy, helps the profitability a lot.

In Mass Effect , one sidequest deals with a pair of crime bosses fighting over their organization. Should you take one of them out and then convince the other to give up their life of crime, she turns up in the next game on Omega , using her people skills and knowledge of the criminal underworld for social work.

A Real American Hero. Only about a third of their plots directly incorporated demands of, "Hand over the keys to the entire world, or else!

It eventually gets deconstructed in later seasons as we learn that COBRA cannot possibly exist as anything other than a criminal organization.

The Movie details that Cobra Commander is an exile from a supremacist fictional country called Cobra-la that believes the entirety of the world is its birthright and the citizens should consider themselves lucky if they get to live long enough to be enslaved.

Averted by billionaire David Xanatos. Although some of his clever schemes necessitate expending unimaginable sums of money putting a medieval Scottish castle on top of the tallest building in the world, for example , it's only when he wants something he can't simply buy outright.

On a normal day he uses his brilliance to run his corporate empire and make himself another fortune or two, only occasionally resorting to extremes like Time Travel for self-enrichment.

Later played straight by Demona. Her company Nightstone is just a front to further her plans to exterminate humanity, so wealth is not her goal but a means to an end.

The Animated Series started out with a very interesting subversion. Lex Luthor was going to use a giant mech, something which was stated to cost millions of dollars to make, to make money illegally.

However, Lex wasn't going to use it to rob the banks or other such schemes, he was secretly selling it to terrorists who were paying him a billion dollars knowing that the US government would later hire Luthor to design a better mech to fight the one the terrorists "stole".

Superman ruined that scheme. Lex has brought them together with cash, he almost breaks them up when they ask for more money, and in the end, Batman brings the chaos to an end.

He gets the Ultra-Humanite to ambush Lex by doubling Lex's offer. This allows the Humanite to achieve his main goal — funding opera on a PBS expy.

In an episode of SpongeBob SquarePants , Plankton actually sold all of his evil inventions in order to get enough money to pay everyone in town to sign a petition to bulldoze the Krusty Krab.

He even managed to buy Mr. The only person who didn't sign the petition was SpongeBob, but he still had the majority on his side "and in a democracy, that's all you need", so the Krusty Krab got bulldozed In one episode Dr.

Doofenshmirtz's technology was being used in optometrist appointments and he started receiving royalty checks, however, he was angry that his invention was being used for good.

So he decided to "balance it out" by making an -inator that would give people poor vision, forcing them to use the same device and give him even more money.

Doofenshmirtz actually appeared on an episode of Shark Tank , a series where inventors pitch their ideas to a panel of potential investors.

Doofenshmirtz pitched his Shrinkinator, stating that he originally designed it to shrink City Hall and put it in his pocket for ransom, but decided that everyone could use one, giving examples of making more closet space and shrinking your car if you can't find a parking space.

It's simple to use, as there's only two controls: Doofenshmirtz thought the deal sounded pretty good and would have accepted if he hadn't accidentally pressed the self-destruct button.

At one point, Doofenshmirtz tried to use his genius to create a working formula that brought hair back and market it legally, which would've flown off the shelves Notably averted in one episode of Dynomutt Dog Wonder.

The immensely but not superhumanly strong Superthug has hired an engineer to build a strength-enhancing exo-skeleton.

His plan is not to use it to commit super-crimes, but to mass produce it, and sell the copies to other criminals so they can commit super-crimes and give him a small percentage.

Doomsday — Lex Luthor finds a cure for muscular dystrophy and orders his assistant to turn it into an expensive, lifelong treatment. He can afford Conspicuous Consumption , cool Gadget Watches , has acquired an Abandoned Warehouse to his real name , and he organizes a Bank Robbery but left all the money in the vault.

As Batman has never heard of Fugate before their first meeting, it's implied Fugate didn't need to resort to crime to get all that Offscreen Villain Dark Matter , as his skills could make his fortune by legal means again.

A very clever subversion occurs in in "Fear of Victory", where the Scarecrow combines both legal and illegal methods to make money.

He bets against famous professional and college athletes, and then secretly dopes them with his fear toxin. When the athletes lose their competitions, the Scarecrow makes a huge amount of money for betting against the odds.

The Scarecrow uses the money to pay for the chemicals and other paraphernalia he uses in his more dangerous schemes, making "Fear of Victory" one of the rare times when we actually see where Offscreen Villain Dark Matter might come from.

Notably, Batman and Robin only discover the Scarecrow's plans when Robin is accidentally doped with fear toxin along with his college football playing-friend.

In Xiaolin Chronicles Jack Spicer actually uses his tech skills to make money in episode 9 though in more of a Geek Squad way than by using his own inventions.

Especially noticeable since he often makes huge robotics breakthroughs both in this series and the previous one and has never really seemed to consider selling his skills until now.

However, he only started having money troubles recently, so he might not have needed to before in the first series he explicitly has rich parents.

In the My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic episode "A Dog and Pony Show", the Diamond Dogs could make a lot more money in their mining outfit acting as businesscanines instead of kidnappers.

Both Rarity and the Diamond Dogs want gems, Rarity can dowse for gems but can't dig, and the Diamond Dogs can dig but can't dowse.

The math should've been obvious, even to a race that's naturally Book Dumb hell, it's actually shown on-screen to be the most profitable system the Diamond Dogs have ever seen, since it takes the whole cast to cart away the amount mined in a single afternoon.

Carter Pewterschmidt in Family Guy has the cure for cancer, but refuses to sell it on the grounds that it would be a short-term gain, long-term loss, because he also makes money on chemotherapy and pharmaceutical treatments.

Ignoring the fact that his fortune came from about a hundred other enterprises including his inheritance, he's obviously not aware of how much money and praise will get showered at him if he were to unveil the holy grail of medicine; sometimes publicity is more valuable than the product.

Not to mention that not even his original reasoning makes sense. Since we see him after having taken the drug, we can assume that it is a cure for cancer, not a vaccine ; otherwise he would have never had to deal with the cancer in the first place unless there was some reason why he wouldn't want a cancer vaccine in his system.

As it is just a one-time cure, and relapses would require a second dose, he could just sell it at an absurd price; it doesn't matter, everyone would still buy it.

Plus, unless he owns a monopoly on chemotherapy and other cancer pharma, the only people losing money would be his competitors.

Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. Investigating Uses Defining but Cryonics cluster Reductionism is the common thread?

Some say that a god lives on in the faith and memory of its believers. Might not the same be true of humans, who are so much greater?

But this is no more true than a painting of a flower the flower itself. That is, from January through December , when holding periods were 19 years or longer, the cumulative real return on stocks was never negative….

How does one engage in extremely long investments? On a time-scale of centuries, investment is a difficult task, especially if one seeks to avoid erosion of returns by the costs of active management.

In long-term investments, one must become concerned about biases in the data used to make decisions.

For example, if you had invested by tracking the major indices any time period from January through December and had held onto your investment for at least 19 years, you were guaranteed a positive real return.

Of course, the specification of place America and time period before the Depression and after the Internet bubble should alert us that this guarantee may not hold elsewhere.

Had a long-term investor in the middle of the 19th century decided to invest in a large up-and-coming country with a booming economy and strong military much like the United States has been for much of the 20th century , they would have reaped excellent returns.

That is, until the hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic. Should their returns have survived the inflation and imposition of a new currency, then the destruction of the 3rd Reich would surely have rendered their shares and Reichmarks worthless.

Similarly for another up-and-coming nation - Japan. Mention of Russia need not even be made. Clearly, diversifying among companies in a sector, or even sectors in a national economy is not enough.

Disaster can strike an entire nation. Rosy returns for stocks quietly ignore those bloody years in which exchanges plunged thousands of percentage points in real terms, and whose records burned in the flames of war.

Over a timespan of a century, it is impossible to know whether such destruction will be visited on a given country or even whether it will still exist as a unit.

And by the United States and others, for that matter? How could Japan, with its fanatical warriors and equally fanatical populace, its massive fleet and some of the best airplanes in the world - a combination that had humbled Russia, that had occupied Korea for nigh on 40 years, which easily set up puppet governments in Manchuria and China when and where it pleased - how could it have been defeated so wretchedly as to see its population literally decimated and its governance wholly supplanted?

How could a god be dethroned? It is perhaps not too much to say that investors in the United States, who say that the Treasury Bond has never failed to be redeemed and that the United States can never fall, are perhaps overconfident in their assessment.

Inflation need not be hyper to cause losses. Greater nations have been destroyed quickly. Who remembers the days when the Dutch fought the English and the French to a standstill and ruled over the shipping lanes?

Remember that Nineveh is one with the dust. In short, our data on returns is biased. This bias indicates that stocks and cash are much more risky than most people think, and that this risk inheres in exogenous shocks to economies - it may seem odd to invest globally, in multiple currencies, just to avoid the rare black swans of total war and hyperinflation.

But these risks are catastrophic risks. Even one may be too many. This risk is more general. Governments can die, and so their bonds and other instruments such as cash rendered worthless; how many governments have died or defaulted over the last century?

The default assumption must be that the governments with good credit, who are not in that number, may simply have been lucky. And luck runs out.

In general, entities die unpredictably, and one has no guarantee that a, say, year old Korean construction company will honor its bills in another years because all it takes is one bubble to drive it into bankruptcy.

When one looks at securities turning into money, of course all you see are ones for those entities which survived. This can be exploited, however.

Obviously if an entity perishes, it has no need for assets. Suppose one wishes to make a very long-term investment. One groups with a large number of other investors who wish to make similar investments, in a closed-end mutual fund with a share per investor, which is set to liquidate at some remote period.

This fund would invest in assets all over the world and of various kinds, seeking great diversification. The key ingredient would be that shares are not allowed to be transferred.

Because the identity and number of investments is fixed, potential control of the assets could be dispersed among the investors so as to avoid the situation where war destroys the headquarters of whomever is managing the assets.

The technical details are unimportant; cryptography has many ingenious schemes for such secret sharing one can easily heavily encrypt a file as usual, and then using eg.

Suppose you think that gold will become worthless on April 27th, at between four and four-thirty in the morning. I, on the other hand, think this event will not occur until We can sign a contract in which I pay you one ounce of gold per year from to , and then you pay me two ounces of gold per year from to If gold becomes worthless when you say, you will have profited; if gold becomes worthless when I say, I will have profited.

We can have a prediction market on a generic apocalypse, in which participants who believe in an earlier apocalypse are paid by believers in a later apocalypse, until they pass the date of their prediction, at which time the flow reverses with interest.

How can these prophets of doom cash in on their confidence? Aside from the self-congratulation, how can they benefit?

By signing a contract right now. You get the premiums up front, and you pay out only if things turn out fine. Now, American media absolutely adapts many novels, but they are all normal Serious Business Novels.

We do not seem to even have the light novel media - young adult novels do not cut the mustard. The success of comic book movies has been much noted - could comic books be the American equivalent of light novels?

There are attractive similarities in subject matter and even medium, light novels including a fair number of color manga illustrations.

The Twilight novels are no more light novels than the Harry Potter novels were. The Patterson novels may fit, however; they have some of the traits such as very short chapters, simple literary style, and very quick moving plots, even though they lack a few less important traits such as including illustrations.

They did much with little, one might say. This seems fairly true of many fertile periods: For example, Japanese visual art is pretty mediocre from the s to the s - but great between then and the Meiji era.

But what did the Meiji era, when the doors were flung open to the accumulated treasures of the Western world, ever produce? And to go the other direction: This would seem to be something of a contradiction: There has been influence, absolutely; but the influence is striking for how a little bit helped how many haiku did the Imagists have access to?

But nevertheless, I seem to discern a U-shaped curve. We are doubtless deluding ourselves with a dream when we think that equality and fraternity will some day reign among human beings without compromising their diversity.

However, if humanity is not resigned to becoming the sterile consumer of values that it managed to create in the past…capable only of giving birth to bastard works, to gross and puerile inventions, [then] it must learn once again that all true creation implies a certain deafness to the appeal of other values, even going so far as to reject them if not denying them altogether.

For one cannot fully enjoy the other, identify with him, and yet at the same time remain different. When integral communication with the other is achieved completely, it sooner or later spells doom for both his and my creativity.

The great creative eras were those in which communication had become adequate for mutual stimulation by remote partners, yet was not so frequent or so rapid as to endanger the indispensable obstacles between individuals and groups or to reduce them to the point where overly facile exchanges might equalize and nullify their diversity.

In schools, one sees students move in cliques and especially so with students who share a native language and are non-native English speakers - one can certainly understand why they would do such a thing, or why immigrants would congregate in ghettos or Chinatowns or Koreatowns where they can speak freely and talk of the old country; perhaps this homophily drives the reduced cross-fertilizing by reducing the chances of crossing paths.

If one is the only Yid around, one must interact with many goyim, but not so if there are many others around. This is a little perplexing. Could it be that as populations build up, all the early artists sucked out the novelty available in hybridizing native material with the foreign material?

Or is there something stimulating about having only a few examples - does one draw faulty but fruitful inferences based on idiosyncrasies of the small data set?

In machine learning, the more data available, the less wild the guesses are, but in art, wildness is a way of jumping out of a local minima to somewhere new.

If Yeats had available the entire Chinese corpus, would he produce better new English poems than when he pondered obsessively a few hundred verses, or would he simply produce better English pastiches of Chinese poems?

Knowledge can be a curse by making it difficult or impossible to think new thoughts and see new angles. Or perhaps the foreign material is important only as a hint to what the artist was trying already to achieve; in psychology, there is an interesting variant on the cocktail party effect key effect where one hears only static noise in a recording, is given a hint at the sentence spoken in the recording, and then one can suddenly hear it through the noise.

Perhaps the original aims are entirely unimportant, and what is at play is a sort of pareidolia or apophenia akin to electronic voice phenomenon , to continue the sound metaphor.

It depends upon the field. I will say this about it. There was a fellow at Bell Labs, a very, very, smart guy.

He was always in the library; he read everything. If you wanted references, you went to him and he gave you all kinds of references.

But in the middle of forming these theories, I formed a proposition: He is now retired from Bell Labs and is an Adjunct Professor. If you read all the time what other people have done you will think the way they thought.

So yes, you need to keep up. You need to keep up more to find out what the problems are than to read to find the solutions. The reading is necessary to know what is going on and what is possible.

But reading to get the solutions does not seem to be the way to do great research. You read; but it is not the amount, it is the way you read that counts.

Ego depletion refers to the idea that self-control and other mental processes that require focused conscious effort rely on energy that can be used up.

When that energy is low rather than high , mental activity that requires self-control is impaired. In this sense, the idea of limited willpower is correct.

Wonder whether this has any connection with minimalism? Baumeister and John Tierney:. You might think the energy spent shaving in the jungle would be better devoted to looking for food.

In one experiment, a group of participants answered questions sitting in a nice neat laboratory, while others sat in the kind of place that inspires parents to shout, Clean up your room!

The people in the messy room scored lower self-control, such as being unwilling to wait a week for a larger sum of money as opposed to taking a smaller sum right away.

When offered snacks and drinks, people in the neat lab room more often chose apples and milk instead of the candy and sugary colas preferred by their peers in the pigsty.

In a similar experiment online, some participants answered questions on a clean, well-designed website. Others were asked the same questions on a sloppy website with spelling errors and other problems.

On the messy site, people were more likely to say that they would gamble rather than take a sure thing, curse and swear, and take an immediate but small reward rather than a larger but delayed reward.

The orderly websites, like the neat lab rooms, provided subtle cues guiding people toward self-disciplined decisions and actions helping others. Even as recently as a few decades ago there was a lot less stuff.

All together my Matchboxes and Corgis took up about a third of the surface of my bed. And the harder a scene is to parse, the less energy you have left for conscious thoughts.

A cluttered room is literally exhausting. Kids are less perceptive. They build a coarser model of their surroundings, and this consumes less energy.

The purchase price is just the beginning. Every thing you own takes energy away from you. Some give more than they take. Those are the only things worth having.

This time he covered a lot more ground and was willing to talk about the mundane details of presidential existence. You have to exercise, he said, for instance.

You also need to remove from your life the day-to-day problems that absorb most people for meaningful parts of their day. Because I have too many other decisions to make.

You need to focus your decision-making energy. You need to routinize yourself. See also latent inhibition:.

Latent inhibition is a process by which exposure to a stimulus of little or no consequence prevents conditioned associations with that stimulus being formed.

The ability to disregard or even inhibit formation of memory, by preventing associative learning of observed stimuli, is an automatic response and is thought to prevent information overload.

Most people are able to shut out the constant stream of incoming stimuli, but those with low latent inhibition cannot. Those with less than average intelligence, on the other hand, are less able to cope, and so as a result are more likely to suffer from mental illness.

How about germ-line engineering of hair color? The health risks need not be enormous - aside from the intervention itself, what risk could swapping a brunette gene for blond cause?

There apparently is just 1 relevant gene: What sort of market could we expect? Demographics of the United States lists ,, women between 15 and 64; these are women who could be using dye themselves, so appreciate the benefit, and are of child-bearing years.

A woman using hair dye on a permanent basis will be dying every month or so, or 12 times a year. This seems rather low to me, based on observations, but I suppose it may be that elderly women do not use much hair dye, or the trend to using highlights and less-than-complete dye jobs.

Not to mention, one would expect the natural hair to simply look better than the dye job. So marketing would benefit from an implicit racism and classism: In the past, having a name like John Smith may have not been a disadvantage - connections were personal, no one confused one John Smith with another, textual records were only occasionally used.

It might sometimes be an issue with bureaucracy such as taxes or the legal system, but nowhere else. But online, it is important to be findable.

You want your friends on Facebook to find you with the first hit. As Kevin Kelly has since put it:. They were born before Google, but the way I would put it today, I wanted them to have Google-unique names.

Clive Thompson says that search rankings were why he originally started blogging:. So the simplest way to hack Google to your advantage is to blog about something you find personally interesting, at which point other people with similar interests will begin linking to you - and the upwards cascade begins.

This is precisely one of the reasons I started Collision Detection: I wanted to 0wnz0r the search string Clive Thompson.

But after only two months of blogging, I had enough links to propel my blog onto the first page of a Google search for my name.

Surely few compared to the techniques of mass identity theft: To appreciate the advantages, you have to be a digital native. Until then, as long as your name was unique inside your school classes, or your neighborhood, or your section of the company, you would never notice.

Even researchers spend their time researching unimportant correlations like people named Baker becoming bakers more often, or people tending to move to a state whose name they share like Georgia.

What does one do? One avoids as much as possible choosing any name which is in the say, top most popular names. People with especially rare surnames may be able to get away with common personal names, but not the Smiths.

My own name pair is unique at the expense of the Dutch surname being 12 letters long, and difficult to remember. So we can expect digital natives to shy away from common names when naming their kids.

But remember who are the digital natives - kids and teenagers of the 00s, at the very earliest. The oldest of this cohort will reach child-bearing age at around , and every one after that can be considered a digital native from osmosis if nothing else.

So this is a good story: Since about in England and Wales and in the U. Not only have Mary and John gone out of favor in the English speaking world, also the overall distribution of names has changed [substantially] over the last years for females, but not for males.

The female trend has continued through to On the other hand, Social Security data seems to indicate both a 2-century long decline in the popularity of the top ten names and also a convergence of top-ten name rarity; from Andrew Gelman:.

Pop culture is known to have a very strong influence on baby names cf. The counter-arguments to The Long Tail marketing theory say that pop culture is becoming ever more monolithic and hit-driven.

The fewer hits, and the more mega-hits, the more we could expect a few names to spike and drive down the rate of other names.

The effect on a rare name can be incredible even from relatively small hits the song in question was only a Top Kayleigh became a particularly popular name in the United Kingdom following the release of a song by the British rock group Marillion.

Much of the above appears to be pretty common knowledge among people interested in baby names and onomastics in general; for example, a Washington Post editorial by Laura Wattenberg, Are our unique baby names that unique?

They are bad in several ways, and modern glyphs are little better. For example, v and w, or m and n. People confuse them all the time, both in reading and in writing.

Even though they share relatively few pixels, they are still identical under rotation, and we can see that. We could confuse them if we were reading upside down, or at an angle, or just confuse them period.

OK, so we now have a set of unique and dissimilar glyphs that are unambiguous about their orientation. Well, we might want them to be easy to write as well as read.

How do we define easy to write? We could have a complicated physiological model about what strokes can easily follow what movements and so on, but we will cop out and say: Rather than unwritable pixels in a grid, our primitives will be little geometric primitives.

The fewer the primitives and the closer to integers or common fractions the positioning of said primitives, the simpler and the better.

We throw all these rules in, add a random starting population or better yet a population modeled after the existing alphabet, and begin our genetic algorithm.

What 26 glyphs will we get? Dehaene describes some fascinating and convincing evidence for the first kind of innateness. In one of the most interesting chapters, he argues that the shapes we use to make written letters mirror the shapes that primates use to recognize objects.

After all, I could use any arbitrary squiggle to encode the sound at the start of Tree instead of a T. But actually the shapes of written symbols are strikingly similar across many languages.

It turns out that T shapes are important to monkeys, too. When a monkey sees a T shape in the world, it is very likely to indicate the edge of an object - something the monkey can grab and maybe even eat.

A particular area of its brain pays special attention to those important shapes. Human brains use the same area to process letters. Dehaene makes a compelling case that these brain areas have been recycled for reading.

We did not invent most of our letter shapes, he writes. They lay dormant in our brains for millions of years, and were merely rediscovered when our species invented writing and the alphabet.

But who is to say that a butterfly could not dream of a man? You are not the butterfly to say so! Better to ask what manner of beast could dream of a man dreaming a butterfly, and a butterfly dreaming a man.

This is a reasonable objection. But it is rarely proffered by people really familiar with IQ, who also rarely respond to it.

I believe they have an intuitive understanding that IQ is a percentile ranking , not an absolute measurement. IQ is ordinal, not cardinal.

It is plausible that the 20 points separating and represents far more cognitive power and ability than that separating and , or and Similarly it should make us wonder how much absolute ability is being measured at the upper ranges when we reflect that, while normal relatively low adult IQs are stable over years, they are unstable in the short-term and test results can vary dramatically even if there is no distorting factors like emotional disturbance or varying caffeine consumption.

And if retarded kids are closer to Einstein that the smartest non-human animal, that indicates human intelligence is very narrow , and that there is a vast spectrum of stupidity stretching below us all the way down to viruses which only learn through evolution.

Current IQ tests are designed for, tested against, and normed on fine distinctions among humans. It is very hard to test animal intelligence because of differing incentives and sensory systems, but if one deals with those problems, there ought to be some general intelligence of prediction and problem solving; the approach I favor is AIXI-style IQ tests.

A gap like 20 points looks very impressive from our narrow compressed human perspective, but it reflects very little absolute difference; to a sheep, other sheep are each distinctive.

In Big O computer terms, we might say that geniuses are a constant factor faster than their dimmer brethren, but not asymptotically faster. The practical impact of a few factors out of thousands may be minimal, and explain the findings without denying the existence of such differences.

Consider the plight of an upload - a human mind running on a computer rather than a brain. It has the advantage of all digital data: An upload could well be immortal.

But an upload is also very fragile. It needs storage at every instance of its existence, and it needs power for every second of thought.

But backups are a double-edged sword for uploads. But for an upload? If an enemy got a copy of its full backups, the upload has essentially been kidnapped.

The negative consequences of a leak are severe. But the more copies, the more risk one copy will be misused. Suppose one encrypts the copies?

Suppose one uses a one-time pad , since one worries that an encrypted copy which is bullet-proof today may be copied and saved for centuries until the encryption has been broken, and is perfectly certain the backups are secure.

Now one has 2 problems: If the future upload is missing either one, nothing works. The first and most obvious level is physical security.

Most systems are highly vulnerable to attackers who have physical access; desktop computers are trivially hacked, and DRM is universally a failure.

Any backup ought to be as inaccessible as possible. How about hard drives in orbit? How about orbit not around the Earth, but around the Solar System?

Say, past the orbit of Pluto? That offers an enormous volume: But once it sends a message back to Earth, its location has been given away - the Doppler effect will yield its velocity and the message gives its location at a particular time.

A restore would require more than 2 messages. The device could self-destruct after sending off its encrypted payload. But that is very wasteful.

We want the orbit to change unpredictably after each broadcast. If we imagine that at each moment the device chooses between firing a thruster to go left or right , then we could imagine the orbit as being a message encrypted with a one-time pad - a one-time pad, remember, being a string of random bits.

The message is the original orbit; the one-time pad is a string of random bits shared by Earth and the device. Given the original orbit, and knowing when and how many messages have been sent by the device, Earth can compute what the new orbit is and where the device will be in the future.

The next step up is a symmetric cipher: A public-key system would be better: Now the device can randomly choose where to go and tell Earth its choice so Earth knows where to aim its receivers and transmitters next.

Many thoughts occurred to me towards the end, when the novelty of the Heian era began to wear off and I could be more critical.

It is also remarkable how tired they all feel; in Genji , poetry has lost its magic and has simply become another stereotyped form of communication, as codified as a letter to the editor or small talk.

The gender dynamics are remarkable. I forget whether Genji sexually molests her before the pro forma marriage. This may be a matter of non-relativistic moral appraisal, but I get the impression that in matters of sexual fidelity, rape, and children, Heian-era morals were not much different from my own, which makes the general immunity all the more remarkable.

This is the shining Genji? The double-standards are countless. The power dynamics are equally remarkable. Essentially every speaking character is nobility, low or high, or Buddhist clergy and very likely nobility anyway.

The characters spend next to no time on work like running the country, despite many main characters ranking high in the hierarchy and holding minister-level ranks; the Emperor in particular does nothing except party.

All the households spend money like mad, and just expect their land-holdings to send in the cash. It is a signal of their poverty that the Uji household ever even mentions how less money is coming from their lands than used to.

The medicinal practices are utterly horrifying. They seem to consist, one and all, of the following algorithm: One freethinker suggests that a sick woman eat more food.

The ending is so abrupt, and so clearly unfinished; many chapters have been spent on the 3 daughters of the Uji householder, 2 are disposed of, and the last one has just been discovered in her nunnery by 1 of the 2 protagonists and the other protagonist suspects.

The arc is not over until the would-be nun has been confronted, yet the book ends. Given that Murasaki Shikibu was writing an episodic entertainment for her court friends, and the overall lack of plot, I agree with Seidensticker that the abrupt mid-sentence ending is due either to Shikibu dying or abandoning her tale - not to any sort of deliberate plan.

One could mark the outside and measure fractions that way. But the sand would inevitably start to mix, and then you just have a minute timer with grey sand.

Perhaps some sort of plastic sheet separating them? But it would get messed up when it passes through the funnel. Then, perhaps the black sand could be magnetically charged positively, and the white sand negatively?

But magnetism attracts unlike. Perhaps we could charge just black negative, and put positive magnets at the roof and floor? The bias might be enough over time to counteract any mixing effect - the random walk of grains would have a noticeable bias for black.

Perhaps we could make half the black sand positive and half negative, while all white is neutral? Black will clump to black everywhere in the hourglass, without any issues about going through the funnel or affecting white.

How might this fail? Well, why would there be only 2 layers? There could be several alternating layers of black and white, and this be a stable system.

The real question is whether strong enough magnetism to usefully sort is also so strong to clump together and defeat the gravity-based timing.

People can be awfully suspicious of free lunches. One thing I was known for in Boy Scouts or so I thought was my trick of cooking hamburgers with leaves rather than racks or pans.

I had learned it long ago at a campboree, and made a point of cooking my hamburger that way and not any other. The way it works is you take several large green leafs straight from the tree, and sandwich your burger.

Ideally you only need 2, one leaf on top and the other on bottom. Then you put your green sandwich on top of a nice patch of coals - no flames!

At about 20 minutes, the leaves should have browned and you can pull it out and enjoy. Well, it saves one dishes. Given how difficult it is to clean dishes out there where there are no dishwashers or sinks, this should not be lightly ignored.

And finally, the hamburger ends up with a light sort of leafy taste on the outside, which is quite good and not obtainable any way else. My grandparents have long been friends with an old bachelor named Arthur Moulton into his 80s by the time I knew him.

The family was interested and as it turned out, the information could be useful for his obituary. I managed to find a fair bit of information on him and his brother, Roger.

Leaning on the intelligence possibility, I check NameBase and find a hit:. AFIO is a national organization of about members, with a smaller number active at national conventions and local chapters.

It is not necessary to be a former intelligence officer to join, as long as you support the principles of the organization.

Some journalists have joined just to get the membership directory, hoping to find retired officers willing to grant an occasional interview or comment on various issues.

As NameBase cautions, we cannot infer much from the inclusion, but it makes a useful start because it gives us another person to look for.

Googling this Roger D. Roger Moulton was born in , was a white male with a highschool education, and enlisted in Bangor, Maine.

We can find out by looking at US Census data which is released after 72 years; so luckily, the census was released in We get more detailed information by reading the scanned census form: The 3 siblings had attended school at some time since March No one in the family, including the lodger Richard Brant, was employed at the time except for Ida doing housework.

Was one lodger really enough to pay their bills? Moulton, San Diego CA; not assigned. This invention is in ring circuits and specifically is ring circuit utilizing gas filled tubes only.

One object of the invention is to provide a ring one gas filled tube for each stage. Another object of the invention is to provide a of the nature mentioned requiring no source such as is usually required.

Other objects will be apparent from a reading of specification and claims. The drawing is a schematic diagram of a ring to my invention.

This invention relates to electrical measuring apparatus, and, more particularly, to apparatus for measuring a difference in frequency between two alternating voltages.

Simulation of submarine propeller cavitation as it varies with speed and depth of submergence is effected by feeding a frequency proportional to blade rate to a counter which is periodically read out and reset at a rate proportional with the square root of pressure.

The read out is used to control noise attenuator means including a one of N decoder and N attenuators scaled to produce relative noise according to a curve characteristic of the submarine to be simulated.

The noise output is modulated in pulse width and repetition rate by a function generator controlled by the counter read-out.

The one-shot , may conveniently be of the type described in U. Moulton, assigned to the assignee hereof, and is adapted to have its unstable or triggered period controlled in duration by the voltage input from the function generator 96….

I am unable to find anything about that application. Patent 2 is interesting for being assigned to General Dynamics Corporation , what is now one of the largest defense conglomerates in the world.

But in it was much smaller, had recently bought the airplane manufacturer Canadair and had only adopted that name in , then purchasing Convair in ; they began building all sorts of military airplanes, the Atlas ICBM, and civilian airliners.

The original Convair plant was located in San Diego, where Arthur is listed as filing the patent from in Box 24, Livermore, California.

This article is a reprint from the May 31, issue of electronics. Selecting component values for generating a critically damped transient in a simple RLC circuit is a cut-and-try under conditions frequently not in practice.

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